FIG Peer Review Journal


Transparency as a Solution for Uncertainty in Land Privatization (A pilot study for Mongolia) (3345)

Naranchimeg Bagdai (Mongolia), Anne Van Der Veen, Paul Van Der Molen and Arbind Tuladhar (Netherlands)
Ms. Naranchimeg Bagdai
PhD student
hengelosestraat 99 P.O.Box 6
Corresponding author Ms. Naranchimeg Bagdai (email: naranchimeg[at], tel.: + 31 (0)53 4874526)

[ abstract ] [ handouts ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2009-02-16
Received 2008-12-01 / Accepted 2009-02-16
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2009 in Eilat, Israel and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2009
ISBN 978-87-90907-73-0 ISSN 2307-4086


Land privatization has been initiated in many transition countries such as Mongolia, to provide individual land ownership rights to citizens, in order to enhance the access to land and land related benefits. A pilot study in Mongolia demonstrates that the current processes for land privatization are incomplete and slow, with many steps, lack of coordination between stakeholders and considerable duplication. The degree of uncertainty, as experienced by citizens and officials is high, which hampers a successful implementation of the new land privatization law. The critical question in this paper is how to respond to such a high level of uncertainty and how to reduce it by the development of new processes. This paper reviews the concept of uncertainty in a wide concept, to present the concept of transparency as an essential tool for the implementation of the land privatization law under situation of uncertainty. Transparency is then used as a tool to cope with to the high level of the uncertainty situation in countries such as in Mongolia. The specific indicators are developed to describe transparency in terms of key elements such as access to information, public participation and corruption. The survey outcome of the pilot study will be helpful to define the dilemma and source of uncertainty, which is important to develop future strategies and transparent processes on land privatization under uncertainty.
Keywords: Land management; land privatization; uncertainty; transparency; land administration; access to information; participation; corruption