FIG Peer Review Journal


Characteristics of Post-conflict Land Administration with Focus on the Status of Land Records in Such Environment (5016)

Dimo Todorovski (North Macedonia)
Mr. Dimo Todorovski
Head of Department for International Cooperation
Agency for Real Estate Cadastre
Trifun Hadzi Janev 4
North Macedonia
Corresponding author Mr. Dimo Todorovski (email: dimo.todorovski[at], tel.: + 389 70461450)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2011-03-16
Received 2010-11-22 / Accepted 2011-02-10
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2011 in Marrakech, Morocco and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2011
ISBN 978-87-90907-92-1 ISSN 2307-4086


The causes for armed conflict and widespread violence are many. In some cases land is one of the factors and sometimes land is a major cause for the conflict. The land and land related issues are increasingly recognized by international community as important element where all conflict activities take place before, during and after the conflict in the period of peacebuilding. In this study first several definitions and citations for land and Land Administration and its core elements are derived from available literature. Then it continues with identifying causes of the conflict and some post-conflict situation. Land Administration in post-conflict is complex and different in each and every case, but there are often some common characteristics which are identified and deeper explored in this paper. From the available literature on this topic it could be derived that: ‘land administration systems can suffer in several ways during the conflict but the most obvious blow follows from a loss of staff and records’. This study further focuses on the status and availability of the land records in post-conflict Land Administration environment, by exploring their status from several case studies. Land records in such environment can be: damaged, stolen, lost, fraud or manipulated by powering parties (groups), partly or fully destroyed, moved in third country or even be a target for violent attack. It is also identified that fully paper based systems are more vulnerable then digital ones because back up of those paper based systems are not established and maintained on second remote and secure location. At the end this study finalizes with deriving conclusions that causes of conflicts are not only because of the land itself, but they always have a land dimension, and about the status of the land records in post-conflict Land Administration environment it reveals that they are vulnerable subject and always negatively affected during the conflict. Because it is more recognized that land and land records in post-conflict situations are important element in the emergence and early recovery phases of the peacebuilding period this phenomena needs further research.
Keywords: GIM; land administration; conflict; post-conflict; land records