FIG Peer Review Journal


The Use of Geospatial Information and the Role of Surveyors in Meeting the Challenges of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of the Archipelagic Nation the Philippines (5196)

Enrico Paringit (Philippines)
Dr. Enrico Paringit
University of the Philippines Diliman
Department of Geodetic Engineering
Training Center for Applied Geodesy and Photogramm
MH 406
Quezon City
Corresponding author Dr. Enrico Paringit (email: ecparingit[at], tel.: + 63 29818500 ext. 3147)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2011-03-16
Received 2010-11-22 / Accepted 2011-02-10
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2011 in Marrakech, Morocco and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2011
ISBN 978-87-90907-92-1 ISSN 2307-4086


Spatial information plays a vital role in meeting the development goals of the country particularly in the areas of resource management, environmental monitoring and infrastructure development. However, the archipelagic nation of Philippines faces greater and more complex development challenges in the face of continuing struggle with ever-frequenting natural hazard events and the subtle ravages of climate change. Development processes therefore must incorporate risk reduction and adaptation strategies from disasters and climate change respectively. Possessing the ability to understand hazards and climate change phenomena can be achieved through better information especially those which are geospatial in character. The proposition put forward in this paper is that (1) the services and products by geodetic engineers or surveyors are critical in formulating the plans and actions to mitigate and reduce risks from disasters and climate change and that (2) in order to achieve a level of success in reducing risks from natural disasters and adapting to climate change, plans, programs and projects must take into consideration the geospatial aspects of safety, security and sustainability. geodetic engineers as main providers of spatially referenced data must assume a more aggressive role in meeting the geospatial data requirements of disaster risk reduction and climate change. A formidable challenge along this line is to bridge the knowledge gap between mere acquisition of spatial data to its downstream application among the students and practitioners of the surveying profession. Geodetic engineers must take a more proactive stance by reaching out to their counterparts in resource, environment and infrastructure application fields to identify and understand the required vis-à-vis appropriate spatial information for mitigating disasters and adapting to climate change.
Keywords: Professional practice; Coastal Zone Management; Spatial planning; Risk management