FIG Peer Review Journal


Cadastral Information and Adherence to Statutory Conditions in Right of Occupancy vis-à-vis Development Control in Minna, Nigeria (5577)

Lazarus Ojigi (Nigeria)
Dr. Lazarus Ojigi
National Space Research & Development Agency
Strategic Space Applications Department
Data Integration & Dissemination Division
Pyakasa Junction, Airport Road
P.M.B. 437, Garki
Corresponding author Dr. Lazarus Ojigi (email: drojigi[at], tel.: +234-8166930684)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2012-03-08
Received 2011-11-01 / Accepted 2012-02-02
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2012 in Rome, Italy and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2012
ISBN 97887-90907-98-3 ISSN 2307-4086


The rising profile of informal settlement and slums in Minna and environs in the last three decades is alarming. This trend perhaps may be as a result of the dearth of requisite spatial information for planning and the perceived inherent difficulty by the land owners/developers in meeting the statutory conditions in the Certificate of Occupancy (C of O) as stipulated by the Land Use Act No. 6 of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1978. This paper therefore attempts an appraisal of the cadastral information and developers’ adherence to the statutory conditions in the offer of right of occupancy vis-à-vis development control in Minna, in order to assist in the strategic spatial planning and sustainable development of Minna and environs. Field data collection methods adopted include personal interviews, examination of the existing maps and the Land Use Act 1978 provision in offer of C of O, and questionnaire administration. The questionnaires were based on four (4) key elements consisting; survey and cadastral information system, adherence to statutory conditions in the offer of C of O, development control and government policy and implementation in fifteen (15) selected ward areas. A part of the questionnaires was administered to staff of relevant ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) related to lands, Survey, planning and housing, while the second part was administered to sampled landlords in fifteen (15) selected ward Areas. Investigations were made on the existing procedures of obtaining statutory right of occupancy and the compliance of developers and landlords to the statutory conditions in the C of O. The results of the survey show that, the poor physical development and informal settlement trend in Minna and environs is largely due to lack of up-to-date cadastral information and layout maps, ineffective development control and lack of political will on the part of governments. The study also revealed that, where qualified professional are available to carry out property inspections and regulations, the fear of being harmed or attacked, and the patriotic will to refuse bribes when offered were the major problems to the regulation and control of land use in Minna and environs. Also, the government officers’ right to enter various premises during inspection is limited by the ‘ba-shiga’ (‘no entry’) system; which is a strong socio-cultural barrier to effective development control in some parts of the study area.
Keywords: Cadastre; Adherence; Statutory Conditions; Certificate of Occupancy; Development Control