FIG Peer Review Journal


Land Access and Community Entry Challenges in Environmental Surveys - Selected cases from the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (6382)

Iyenemi Ibimina Kakulu, Simeon Igbara, Isaac Akuru and Nekabari Paul Visigah (Nigeria)
Dr Iyenemi Ibimina Kakulu
Senior Lecturer
Department of Estate Management
Rivers State University of Science and Technology
Department of Estate Management
RSUST, Ikwerre Road, Mile 3
Port Harcourt
PMB 5080
Corresponding author Dr Iyenemi Ibimina Kakulu (email: ibkakulu[at], tel.: +234 803 7055 178)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2013-03-08
Received 2012-10-21 / Accepted 2013-02-02
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2013 in Abuja, Nigeria and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2013
ISBN 978-87-92853-05-9 ISSN 2307-4086


Environmental Surveys requiring access to large expanses of communal, family and individual farmlands, mangrove swamps or fishing villages can be very challenging to any team of environmental professionals on a national or at the international level. Land access restrictions may be imposed by different interest groups and stakeholders who could interfere with the overall conduct or success of any environmental survey irrespective of its goals and objectives. In Nigeria, following a Federal Government invitation in 2006, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) undertook a comprehensive environmental survey of several communities in the Niger Delta region following reported and documented high levels of hydro-carbon pollution in these areas. Using an innovative Land access strategy developed by the UNEP project team, the authors were involved in the practical implementation of several key stages of the land access strategy. This paper documents real-time challenges as they were experienced in the field and which could serve as feedback to the process. The land access strategy is recommended for replication in similar environmental studies.
Keywords: Land management; Access to land; Environmental Surveys; land access restrictions; stakeholder involvement