FIG Peer Review Journal


3D Cadastral Complexities in Dense Urban Areas of Developing countries: Case Studies from Delhi and Satellite Towns (6429)

Tarun Ghawana (India), Joao Hespanha (Portugal), Pradeep Khandelwal (India) and Peter Van Oosterom (Netherlands)
Dr. Joao Hespanha
Adjunct Professor
University of Aveiro
Higher School for Technology and Management
Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão
Apartado 473
Corresponding author Dr. Joao Hespanha (email: jphespanha[at], tel.: 351.234611548)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2013-03-08
Received 2012-10-21 / Accepted 2013-02-02
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2013 in Abuja, Nigeria and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2013
ISBN 978-87-92853-05-9 ISSN 2307-4086


Cadastral systems based on 2D spatial representation have served land administration and property management well for centuries. In India, the basic unit of the cadastral record is the land parcel, which is known as plot. Maintenance of land records with ownership; assessment of tax on the property and tax collection is the responsibility of district authorities. Historically, Delhi has been preferred as a capital by different rulers from various dynasties and invaders coming from different parts of the world even before 15th century. In the early decades after gaining independence in 1947, Delhi rapidly began taking shape of a metro city due to large number of refugees coming from Pakistan who changed the landscape of entire Delhi. By the starting of 21st Century, Delhi had started growing rapidly in terms of population and infrastructure development. This rapid expansion in Delhi and immediate neighbouring cities of Noida and Gurgaon found the land administration agencies of these cities unprepared to deal with this rapidly changing land market. Delhi is managed by various land management agencies. Some have a major role to play in planning and development of the land like Delhi Development Authority while others focus more execution and maintenance like municipal corporations. Delhi does have a long-standing system of Deed registration but have no central registry. In general, records of land held by governmental agencies are maintained by each individual agency. The current paper aims to study the multi-stakeholding urban area locations in Delhi and around where (infrastructural) changes are creating the complex land management situations for the authorities involved. Some cases are presented in brief to highlight the different aspects of spatial complexities involved while focusing on a particular case study of multi-infrastructure (utility) networks in one single area. General Spatial Dimensions for each case are discussed focusing on geometric aspects in vertical and horizontal space below or above surface. As a specific focus, the spatial dimensions are discussed within the context of Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) Spatial Unit Context.
Keywords: Standards; Digital cadastre; Land management; Urban renewal; 3D Cadastre; Urban Density; Spatial Dimensions; Multi-Stakeholding; Utility Networks