FIG Peer Review Journal


Land Valuation in Support of Responsible Land Consolidation on Ghana’s Rural Customary Lands (9214)

Kwabena Asiama (Netherlands), Rohan Bennett (Australia), Jaap Zevenbergen (Netherlands) and Seth Asiama (Ghana)
Mr. Kwabena Asiama
AiO/PhD Candidate
Dept of Urban and Reg Plg. and Geo-Inf. Mgt.
Faculty of Geo-Info. Science and Earth Obs. (ITC)
University of Twente
Hengelosestraat 99,
7513 AE
Corresponding author Mr. Kwabena Asiama (email: k.o.asiama[at], tel.: +31-53-489-6183)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2018-03-10
Received 2017-10-01 / Accepted 2018-02-01
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Congress 2018 in Istanbul, Turkey and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Congress 2018
ISBN 978-87-92853-78-3 ISSN 2308-3441


Land valuation is an important aspect of land consolidation where farm parcels are appraised to set a basis for farmland parcel exchange, reallocation, and expansion. There are two approaches to land valuation in land consolidation – the agronomic value, with its basis being the soil productivity and quality, and the market value. The market value has been touted as the better approach with studies pointing out the deficiencies in the agronomic value approach. However, the market value approach cannot be used in Sub-Saharan Africa’s customary lands due to the limited land market. Here, we develop a framework for an approach for assigning values to customary rural farm land parcels that reflects the local people’s view of land value. We found in a case study of Nanton that key land value factors that determine land values relate to the physical attributes, legal conditions, agricultural productivity, locational factors, and the planning scheme of the farmland parcels. These factors were weighted by the local community according to their perception of what affected their choice of farmland parcels. The weights were integrated into the framework the produced the Land Value Index (LVI) for each land parcel in the area of study. Our results showed that in a scenario analysis, a change in weights affected the land value indices at a scale that could change the comparative basis of the land parcels. The sensitivity analysis however showed that the LVIs were not significantly sensitive to the changes in the weight of the factors. However, a prime weakness of this framework is that it is more expensive to use than automatic valuation models. Our results demonstrate that it is possible to place relative quid pro quo values on rural agricultural farmlands that have no land markets. We anticipate that the approach can be the starting point for more approaches to valuing rural customary lands for specific purposes. A further verification is however needed in the study area to ascertain whether the results of the derived LVIs are representative of the local farmers’ view of their land values, and how the framework will fit into land consolidation practices.
Keywords: Geoinformation/GI; Land management; Security of tenure; Valuation; Land Consolidation, Customary Lands