FIG Peer Review Journal


Towards National SDI in Pakistan: The Challenges (9815)

Rizwan Bulbul (Austria), Muhammad Sheraz Ahsan (Pakistan) and Johum Fatimah Mirza (USA)
Dr. Rizwan Bulbul
Institute of Geodesy
Graz University of Technology
Corresponding author Dr. Rizwan Bulbul (email: bulbul[at], tel.: +43 (316) 873 - 6334)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2019-02-28
Received 2018-10-01 / Accepted 2019-02-01
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Working Week 2019 in Hanoi, Vietnam and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Working Week 2019
ISBN 978-87-92853-90-5 ISSN 2307-4086


The role of geospatial technologies for sustainable e-governance at all administrative levels is inevitable. However, the availability of quality geospatial data is the biggest impediment in successful utilization of these technologies for better governance and administration in many developing countries. Pakistan being a developing country direly needs to address the issue by developing Spatial data Infrastructure (SDI) or Geographic Information Infrastructure (GII) at all administrative levels to serve the geospatial data needs of the country. The need comes with many challenges and the paper highlights some of those by giving example from two domains of land administration and 3D city modeling.
Keywords: Standards; e-Governance; Digital cadastre; Land management; LADM, CityGML, ISO-19152-2012, Geospatial Big Data, LRMIS, Musavi